UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 24

UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 24: Current Affairs-Based GS Model Questions

UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 24: Current Affairs-Based GS Model Questions

Q.1. Which of the following statements is/are true about the European Green Deal?

  1. Under this deal, the European Union will aim to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
  2. As part of this deal, a new circular economy action plan will be tabled in March 2020
  3. The EU will try to completely end air, soil or water pollution by 2050

Codes:

  • (a) 1 and 2
  • (b) 1 and 3
  • (c) All of the above
  • (d) None of the above

Ans: (c)

Explanation

  • Through the European Green Deal, the EU wants to be a front-runner in climate friendly industries and clean technologies.
  • ‘Climate neutral’ Europe is one of the biggest aims of this deal.
  • The EU will aim to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, a goal that will be enshrined in a ‘climate law’ to be presented in March 2020.

Q2. Consider the following:

  1. All countries now have national targets to reduce emissions
  2. Rules on carbon markets have been finalized and adopted by all countries
  3. Paris Agreement has introduced Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Which of the above statements is/are true?

  • (a) Only 1
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) All of the above
  • (d) None of the above

Ans: (a)

Explanation

  • All countries, including developing countries, now have national targets in the form of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
  • Rules on carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement have not been finalized yet.
  • Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was introduced by the Kyoto Protocol.

Q3. With reference to India’s ranking in the HDI 2019, consider the following:

  1. HDI Index 2019 has ranked India at the 129th position
  2. India has not been able to improve its ranking in the index from the previous year
  3. Between 1990 and 2018, India’s HDI value increased by 50 per cent

Which of the above statements is/are true?

  • (a) Only 1
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) 1 and 3
  • (d) All of the above

Ans: (c)

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. The United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP)released its first Emissions Gap Report in 2010
  2. Emissions Gap Report is released biannually
  3. The latest report has mentioned India Cooling Action Plan as one of the positive developments for India

Which of the above statements is are true?

  • (a) Only 1
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) 1 and 3
  • (d) All of the above

Ans: (c)

Q5. Which of the following facts is/are true about the Amazon rainforest?

  1. It is the world’s largest tropical rainforest
  2. It also the world’s largest repository of biodiversity
  3. Brazilian Amazon comprises about two-thirds of the area of the rainforest

Codes:

  • (a) 1 and 3
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) All of the above
  • (d) Only 1

Ans: (c)

Explanation

  • Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rainforest.
  • The Amazon basin is the world’s largest repository of biodiversity and produces about 20 per cent of the world’s flow of freshwater into the oceans.
  • In the recent few years, the rainforest has been under threat from deforestation and burning. Earlier this year, fires in the Amazon that were visible from space made headlines.
  • According to Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE), forest fires in the Brazilian part of the rainforests have doubled since 2013.
  • Brazilian Amazon comprises about two-thirds of the area of the rainforest.
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