UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 23

UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 23: Current Affairs-Based GS Model Questions

UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 23

Q1. Which state government has started ‘Spandana’ initiative?

  • (a) Andhra Pradesh
  • (b) Odisha
  • (c) Telangana
  • (d) Madhya Pradesh

Ans: (a)

Explanation

  • Spandana is a government initiative launched by the Andhra Pradesh Government.
  • Through this initiative, the state government wants to make police stations more accessible for the public, especially women.
  • Spandana was launched in July, and 52 per cent of the complainants were women.
  • Use of technology has played a major in the success of this initiative.
  • Each Spandana centre is equipped with video conferencing facility. This facility makes lodging and complaining easier.
  • People don’t have to travel to the district headquarters to follow up.

Q2. Consider the following:

  1. Davi Kopenawa is known as the Dalai Lama of the Rainforest.
  2. She has received 2019’s Right Livelihood Award
  3. Right Livelihood Award is also known as the “Alternative Nobel Prize”

Which of the above statements is/are true?

  • (a) Only 1
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) All of the above
  • (d) None of these

Ans: (c)

Explanation

  • Yanomami shaman Davi Kopenawa is known as the “Dalai Lama of the Rainforest”.
  • She received 2019’s Right Livelihood Award.
  • This award is also known as the “Alternative Nobel Prize”.
  • He has led his people’s 20-year campaign to protect their Amazonian territory.
  • Combined with the Yanomami territory in Venezuela, it is the largest area of rainforest under indigenous control anywhere in the world.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. 25th Conference (CoP 25) of Parties was held in Madrid
  2. The conference was originally scheduled in Santiago, Chile
  3. The CoP 25 has adopted a mechanism for carbon trading

Which of the above statements is/are true?

  • (a) Only 1
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) All of the above
  • (d) None of the above

Ans: (b)

Explanation

  • The 25th Conference of Parties (CoP 25) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Madrid.
  • It was originally scheduled in Santiago, Chile.
  • The conference failed to agree on to have a mechanism under Rules under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.
  • Article 6 of the Paris Agreement deals with carbon trading or carbon markets
  • CoP 25 also failed to deliver on the promise of having a financial mechanism dedicated to loss and damage.
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