Environment Notes 2020

Reviewing GM Cotton In India; Commission To Tackle Pollution In NCR; Stubble Burning

Reviewing GM Cotton In India Much of the cotton cultivated until the 20th century was of the indigenous ‘desi’ variety, Gossypium arboreum. Hybrid varieties of G. hirsutum entered India in 1990s. However, hybrid varieties were unable to resist local pests. More fertilizers and pesticides were required for cultivation of such varieties. Cotton suffers from plenty …

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Action Plan For Vulture Conservation; Project Lion; Lion Relocation

Action Plan For Vulture Conservation Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu will get a vulture conservation and breeding centre each, according to the Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020-2025. The plan has also suggested that new veterinary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) be tested on vultures before their commercial release. The action plan was …

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Tarballs; Water Crisis In Cities; Biodiversity Loss & Forests

Tarballs According to a study published in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 28 per cent of particles collected from the air samples from a research station in the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau were tarballs. Tarballs are small light-absorbing, carbonaceous particles formed due to burning of biomass or fossil fuels that deposit on snow and ice. The …

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Chinese Pink Dolphins; Hottest September Since 1880

Chinese Pink Dolphins Chinese pink dolphins are making a comeback in the Pearl river estuary, one of the most heavily industrialised areas on Earth. The Pearl River estuary includes Hong Kong, Macau as well as the mainland Chinese cities of Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan. Some 22 million people live in the area. Pink dolphins have …

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World Risk Index 2020

World Risk Index (WRI) 2020; Greenland Ice Melting Fastest

World Risk Index (WRI) 2020 India was ‘poorly prepared’ to deal with ‘climate reality’, due to which it was more vulnerable to extreme natural disasters, according to the World Risk Index (WRI) 2020. India ranked 89th among 181 countries on the WRI 2020. The country was fourth-most-at- risk in south Asia on the index, after …

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Jasmonate (JA); Medicanes; Komodo Dragon; Arsenic-Affected Habitations

Jasmonate (JA) Targeting a specific plant hormone called Jasmonate (JA) would help rice plants have greater tolerance to potassium deficiency. This will in turn, improving rice productivity, a new study has suggested. JA is often associated with the plant’s defence against biotic factors like insects, pests and other pathogens. The overexpression of a gene called …

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Hydrogen Fuel; First World Solar Technology Summit (WSTS); Mammalian Extinctions

Hydrogen Fuel Japan is set to commercialise international transport run on hydrogen fuel as well as promote its use for power generation by 2020. Japan signed the first project of this kind with the Australian government in 2014. The aim was to demonstrate the viability of gasifying brown coal in the Latrobe Valley, Australia, to …

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Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (#7): Environmental Regulatory System; Zero Budget Natural Farming

Environmental Regulatory System The pandemic presents an opportunity for us to think of a new recovery path. This new path should decouple economic growth and environmental degradation. Indian cities feature high in the list of polluted cities in the world. It also features very low on quality of life. There is no dearth of environmental …

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Red fox; ‘Dead’ Coral Reefs; Antarctica, Greenland Ice Sheet Melting

Red fox The red fox, one of the most widespread carnivores in the world, is spreading in Norway’s alpine areas at the cost of the Arctic or blue fox, aided by anthropological changes, a study has said. Lars Rod-Eriksen, a researcher in terrestrial ecology at NINA, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, found that more …

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Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (#5): Why Kerala Needs To Conserve Natural Capital; Human-Animal Conflict

Why Kerala Needs To Conserve Natural Capital Natural disasters have by now come to be accepted as a feature of the annual monsoon season in Kerala. In the past two years there has been flooding on an unprecedented scale along with landslides. Kerala has received wide acclaim for having achieved social indicators associated with high …

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