According to a new report by the World Wildlife Fund, Species are going extinct at an unprecedented rate. The report has revealed that Wildlife populations have fallen by more than two-thirds over the last 50 years. Reversing global wildlife declines has become one of the most important challenges for the policy makers across the world.
- The sharpest declines have occurred throughout the world’s rivers and lakes.
- Freshwater wildlife has declined by 84 per cent since 1970.
- The rate of decline of freshwater wildlife is about four per cent per year.
Why Should We Reverse Global Wildlife Declines?
- Health of nature has important bearing on the health of humans.
- Many studies have revealed that destruction of forests and ecosystem is responsible for new infectious diseases like COVID-19.
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- As more and more species are drawn towards extinction, the very life support systems on which civilization depends are eroded.
- Biodiversity loss is one of the biggest threats to our survival.
- Recently, WEF (World Economic Forum) ranked the biodiversity loss among the nine greatest threats to the world.
- In fact, six out of nine threats to the world, listed by the WED, belonged to the nature.
- Current model of economic development, which overexploit biodiversity and natural resources, needs to be abandoned.
UN Convention on Biological Diversity
The targets of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity call for global trends of terrestrial wildlife to stop declining and start recovering by 2050 or earlier. Changes in how land is used rank among the greatest threats to biodiversity on land worldwide.
Conditions For Biodiversity To Recover
- There must be renewed ambition from all countries to conserve natural resources.
- The most valuable hotspots for biodiversity need special attention.
- These hotspots, in which wildlife live and roam freely, should cover at least 40% of the world’s land surface.
- Habitat restoration and conservation efforts should be directed at places which are most important for the protection of species and habitats.
- Our food systems also need to be transformed to produce more food on less land.
- Sustainable agriculture needs to be promoted.
- The amount of waste produced during transport and food processing, needs to be reduced.
- Degraded land should also be reduced.
- Without a similar level of ambition for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, climate change will ensure the world’s wildlife fares badly this century.