Daily PIB News: June 09

Income Generation Activities For Tribals Pick Up

There has been an encouragingly positive response from the States as the government continues its efforts to help the poor and marginalized people find their feet in the aftermath of the Covid-19 pandemic. All these efforts have resulted in significant income generation activities for tribals

Income Generation Activities For Tribals: Role Of TRIFED

In the context of tribal people, TRIFED under the aegis of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, had advised the State Governments to plan the effective implementation of MSP for MFP by leveraging funds under Article 275 (I) grants to ensure both immediate income generation in the short term and sustained livelihoods by supporting Van Dhan value addition activities.

It has been observed that this advice has been met with tremendous positive response. 17 states have initiated procurement and MFP worth approximately Rs. 50 Cr. have been procured by the states under the scheme.

The timely announcement of the MSP measures and the revisions in the MSPs by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and these concerted efforts of TRIFED have resulted in the tribals getting a higher value realization in the market, at rates which are even higher than MSP.

On May 1, 2020, the Government issued a revised price list of MSP for the 50 MFPs– and most of the MFP have been revised upwards by 30-90% so that it can benefit the tribal gatherers. In addition to this, 23 more items were included in this scheme as MFPs.

These measures, which have taken the entire count of MFPs under the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for Minor Forest Produce (MFP) Scheme to 73 counts, and is expected to  provide an immediate and much needed momentum to procurement of Minor Tribal Produce across all States, and the efforts of TRIFED in generating response from the State Governments will ameliorate the situation of the distressed tribal people.

You May Also Like To Read: UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 28: Community Forest Resources

Private Sector will be allowed to use ISRO Facilities

The government has announced that private sector will be allowed to use Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) facilities and other relevant assets to improve their capacities.

Private companies to be provided level playing field in satellites, launches and Space based services. Future projects for planetary exploration, outer space travel will be open for private sector.

in the year that has just gone bye, ISRO launched a special programme for young school children called ‘Young Scientists Programme – YUVIKA’. The programme is primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology and its applications to the younger generations.

Additional Information From Other Sources

Space objects orbital tracking: A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Bengaluru and Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital for cooperation in the field of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) and Astrophysics was signed on June 5.

Space objects orbital tracking, analysis and space weather studies are important aspects in Space Situational Awareness & Management to safe guard Indian space assets from critical conjunction threats from space debris. Future endeavors in space exploration depends on R&D in Astrophysics, solar sciences and space environment. Self-reliance in these areas is key to the progress of Indian space arena.

This MoU will pave the way for future collaborations between ISRO and ARIES in establishing optical telescope observational facilities for space object tracking, R&D studies in space weather, astrophysics and Near Earth Object (NEO).

Cyberspace Competition for School Students: ISRO on June 10 announced the ISRO Cyberspace Competition 2020 for schools students. The Indian Space Research Organisation conducts a number of outreach programmes for school students throughout the year.

Rationalization of Linkages/ Swapping of Coal

The coal linkages from coal companies have been rationalized in order to reduce the distance in transportation of coal from the coal mines to the consumer. The exercise shall help in reducing the load on the transportation infrastructure and easing the evacuation constraints.

  • The scheme envisages  transfer of coal quantity in terms of gross Calorific Value (GCV) equivalence and is applicable for non-coking coal only.
  • The Arrangement shall be allowed only within the same sector viz. NRS (non-regulated sector) with NRS and Power (regulated sector) with Power. 
  • Participation in the scheme shall be voluntary and arrangement between the parties rationalizing/swapping coal through rail and/or sea mode shall be bilateral. 
  • Coal India Limited (CIL) shall be the nodal agency for conducting the process of linkage rationalization/swapping of coal.  A committee shall oversee the implementation of the scheme and address key issues in the implementation.
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