UPSC/IAS 2020 (Series 04): Prelims Model Questions

UPSC Prelims 2020 Model 04; Current Affairs for UPSC; Topics: Climate Change, Human Development Index 2019

Q01. Which of the following statements is/are true about the Human Development Index (HDI) 2019?

  1. India has improved its ranking in the latest index
  2. Inequality has increased both within and between countries
  3. Richest countries are no longer among top polluters on a per capita basis

Codes:

  • (a) 1 and 3
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) Only 1
  • (d) All of these

Ans: (c)

Explanation:

  • Richest countries are still among top polluters on a per capita basis and in terms of aggregate country emission today. Statement 3 is wrong
  • According to the latest HDI index, inequality ‘within’ a country has increased and ‘between’ countries has decreased. Hence, statement 2 is also wrong.

Q02. Human Development Index 2019 has held climate change responsible for causing inequality in the world. Which of the following facts regarding this is/are true?

  1. More inequality means more carbon dioxide emissions
  2. Emissions get higher when income is concentrated at the top
  3. Warmer world means less food production

Codes:

  • (a) 1 and 2
  • (b) 2 and 3
  • (c) 1 and 3
  • (d) All of the above

Ans: (d)

Q03. Warsaw International Mechanism is associated with which of the following things?

  • (a) Loss and Damage Mechanism to address climate change impacts
  • (b) Emission trading mechanism
  • (c) Providing green technologies to least developing countris
  • (d) Helping small island nations deal with the impact of cliamte change

Ans: (a)

Explanation:

The COP established the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts (Loss and Damage Mechanism), to address loss and damage associated with impacts of climate change, including extreme events and slow onset events, in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change at COP19 (November 2013) in Warsaw, Poland.

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Q04. Which of the following terminologies is/are associated with the climate change negotiations?

  1. Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities
  2. Loss and damage mechanism
  3. Nationally Determined Contributions
  4. Net Zero
  5. Clean Development Mechanism

Codes:

  • (a) 1, 2 and 3
  • (b) 1, 2 and 4
  • (c) 1, 2, 3 and 5
  • (d) All of the above

Ans: (d)

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