As per the Government’s latest findings on higher education, the gap between women and men is narrowing.
Have a look at the key findings of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2016-17:
- There is an increase in overall enrolment from 27.5 million in 2010-11 to 35.7 million in 2016-17.
- Gender Parity Index (GPI), a ratio of proportional representation of female and male, has improved from 0.86 to 0.94 to the corresponding period.
About the AISHE Survey
The Survey was initiated in the year 2011 to prepare a robust data-base on higher education. Keeping in view the usefulness of data collected during the very first year, Ministry decided to make this survey an annual exercise of data collection in higher education sector. So far, survey has been completed for the years 2010-11 to 2016-17.
Why is gender gap in education narrowing?
Targeted interventions by the Government is largely responsible for girls breaching the gender gap in primary and secondary school. Some of the successful Government interventions include: scholarships, subsidies, and quotas for women.
Higher aspirational and income level, urbanization, access to technology and information have all played their parts in bridging the gender gap in education.
Even in rural India, girls are going schools, not getting dropped out, not being prevented by their family either. Even in rural areas, you will parents who desperately want their daughters to study.
But do they want daughters to pursue careers?
In Indian society, there are not enough families who see eduction asa means employment for daughters.
Boys are frequently outperformed by girls in school examinations, but when it comes to job, women are not finding suitable jobs for the skills that they have.
Most worryingly, India is losing its most educated and productive women. National Sample Survey (NSS) data shows that women who have passed higher secondary have the lowest female labour force participation in India
Economic Survey 2017-18 had stressed the need to increase women participation in labour force. “Among developing countries, there exists gender gaps in labour force participation rates. In the case of India, the gender gap in labour force participation rate is more than 50 percentage points,” said the survey.
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