Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (#8): Hydrogen Fuel; First World Solar Technology Summit (WSTS); Mammalian Extinctions

Hydrogen Fuel

  • Japan is set to commercialise international transport run on hydrogen fuel as well as promote its use for power generation by 2020.
  • Japan signed the first project of this kind with the Australian government in 2014.
  • The aim was to demonstrate the viability of gasifying brown coal in the Latrobe Valley, Australia, to generate hydrogen, transport it by sea to the Kobe port in Japan and use it in a cogeneration plant to generate electricity and heat.
  • The carbon dioxide generated in the process is captured and stored underground to make the process carbon-neutral.
  • Kobe city in Japan uses energy from hydrogen fuel on a pilot scale.

First World Solar Technology Summit (WSTS)

  • The International Solar Alliance (ISA) organised the First World Solar Technology Summit (WSTS) on September 8, 2020.
  • The virtual summit brought together 26,000 participants from 153 countries to discuss recent developments and issues of technology transfers and barriers in the solar energy sector.
  • It also facilitated decision-makers and stakeholders to meet and discuss their priorities and strategic agenda towards a broader integration.
  • The conference saw ISA signing four agreements, signalling its intent to focus on key areas of the solar energy sector.
  • First, a partnership agreement between the Union Ministry of Renewable Energy, the World Bank and ISA on One World, One Sun, One Grid. Second, a partnership between the Global Green Growth Institute and ISA on the promotion of a million solar pumps.
  • Third, a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Institute for Refrigeration, Paris and ISA. Finally, partnership agreements on the implementation of 47 projects between ISA and NTPC. ISA also launched its technology journal, Solar Compass 360.
  • The alliance was jointly launched by Prime Minister Modi and former French President Hollande on November 30, 2015, in Paris, on the side lines of the 21st Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change or CoP21.

‘Second Wave’ Of Mammalian Extinctions

  • Australia and the Caribbean are already in the middle of a ‘second wave’ of mammalian extinctions, a new study has claimed, while predicting that the world would see 558 mammalian extinctions by 2100.
  • The study The past and future human impact on mammalian diversity was published on September 4, 2020, in Science Advances.

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