Daily Current Affairs: January 12, 2021 (Part II)

National Rural Guarantee Scheme Workers Crosses 10 Cr Mark

  • The number of workers who availed the National Rural Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) has crossed the 10-crore mark for the first time, marking an unprecedented demand for the rural job scheme.
  • Latest data available on the NREGS portal shows that till January 10 in the current financial year, over 10 crore individuals across the country worked under the scheme, which is 21 per cent higher than the 7.89 crore figure for 2019-2020.
  • The 10-crore number is the highest since the inception of the scheme in 2006 – the previous high was in 2011-12, when 8.2 crore individuals availed the scheme.
  • Under MGNREGS, every rural household, whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work, is entitled to at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year.
  • The current financial year has also seen an unprecedented increase in the number of new job cards issued under the scheme.
  • As part of the economic package announced in the response to Covid, the government declared an additional funding of Rs 40,000 crore for NREGS, over and above the Rs 61,500 crore allocated in the Union Budget 2020-21.

Source: The Indian Express

Management Effectiveness Evaluation of National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Union Ministry for Environment, Forest and Climate Change has released Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of 146 national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the country.
  • India has a network of 903 Protected Areas covering about 5 per cent of its total geographic area of the country.
  • According to the survey, Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary and Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh have performed the best among the surveyed protected areas.
  • The Turtle Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh was the worst performer in the survey.
  • Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Protected Areas has emerged as a key tool that is increasingly being used by governments and international bodies to understand strengths and weaknesses of the protected area management systems.
  • India has systematically designated its Protected Areas in four legal categories — National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Under this Act, India has 903 formally designated Protected Areas with a total coverage 1,65,012.6 square km. Among these are 101 National Parks, 553 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 86 Conservation Reserves and 163 Community Reserves. For the survey, 146 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries across 29 states and Union territories were evaluated.

Source: The Indian Express