UPSC Prelims 2020 Mock Test 22: Current Affairs-Based GS Model Questions

UPSC Prelims Mock Test 22: Current-Affairs-based General Studies Questions for Prelims. Issue: National Data and Analytics Platform (NDAP); Ozone Depleting Chemicals; DAY-NRLM

Q1. Which of the following statements is/are true regarding the National Data and Analytics Platform (NDAP)?

  1. This platform has been launched by the Department of Telecommunications
  2. The platform aims to protect government data
  3. This platform will limit public access to the sensitive Government data

Codes:

  • (a) Only 1
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) 2 and 3
  • (d) None of these

Ans: (d)

Explanation
  • This platform has been launched by the NITI Aayog. Hence, statement 1 is wrong.
  • The platform aims to democratize access to publicly available government data. It will host the latest datasets from various government websites, present them coherently, and provide tools for analytics and visualization. Hence, statements 2 and 3 are also wrong.

Read more here.

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the Ozone Depleting Chemicals.

  1. India has successfully achieved the complete phase out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b
  2. HCFC-141 b is the most potent ozone depleting chemical
  3. HCFC-141 b is a chemical used by foam manufacturing enterprises
  4. HCFC-141 b is not produced in the country

Which of the above statements is/are true?

  • 1 and 4
  • 1, 3 and 4
  • 1, 2 and 3
  • All of the above

Ans: (b)

Explanation

HCFC-141b is the second most potent ozone depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Hence, statement 2 is wrong.

UPSC Prelims Mock Test 22: More Explanation

India has successfully achieved the complete phase out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b, which is a chemical used by foam manufacturing enterprises and one of the most potent ozone depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) .(HCFC)-141 b is used mainly as a blowing agent in the production of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams.

India is one among the few countries globally and a pioneer in some cases in the use of technologies, which are non-Ozone Depleting and have a low Global Warming Potential (GWP).

HCFC-141b is not produced in the country and all the domestic requirements are met through imports. With this notification, prohibiting the import of HCFC-141 b, the country has completely phased out the important ozone depleting chemical.

Q3. With reference to DAY-NRLM, consider the following statements.

  1. DAY-NRLM stands for Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission
  2. DAY-NRLM aims to strengthen grassroots institutions of the rural poor
  3. NRLM works on both demand and supply sides of financial inclusion

Which of the above statements is/are true?

  • (a) Only 1
  • (b) 1 and 2
  • (c) 1 and 3
  • (d) All of the above

Ans: (d)

Explanation

NRLM works on both demand and supply sides of financial inclusion. On the demand side, it promotes financial literacy among the poor and provides catalytic capital to the SHGs and their federations. On the supply side, the Mission coordinates with the financial sector and encourages use of Information, Communication & Technology (ICT) based financial technologies, business correspondents and community facilitators like ‘Bank Mitras’.

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The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) on January 22, 2020 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) under the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM), for furthering their mutual objectives of strengthening grassroots institutions of the rural poor.

DAY-NRLM is also building social capital and ensuring financial linkages to alleviate poverty and enhance the quality of the life of rural poor women.

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