Daily Current Affairs

Daily current affairs for UPSC. Highlights of Articles and News from important sources such as The Indian Express, The Hindu, Live Mint, PRS, Down To Earth, Business Line, Hindustan Times, Observer Research Foundation (ORF) and other important sources.

Daily Current Affairs: January 2-3, 2021

Key Constitutional Values Invoked Last Year One of the most striking images at the beginning of 2020 was that of the anti-Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA). Constitutional challenges to CAA ranged from suits filed by several states to petitions alleging infringement on the fundamental right to equality and the secular character of the Constitution. The first …

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International Relations Notes 2020 (#2): India & The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

India & The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Since its inception in 2001, the SCO’s quest for greater socio-economic cooperation among its members, has been influenced primarily by China.  The 15th Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit (hereafter “Summit”) hosted virtually by Russia on 10 November 2020, and the 19th SCO Heads of Government Meeting (hereafter “Meeting”) hosted virtually by …

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Agriculture Infrastructure Fund

Socio Economic Development Notes 2020 (#2): New Labour Codes; Is It True That Only 6% Farmers Benefit From MSP?

Is It True That Only 6% Farmers Benefit From MSP? The apparent source of the 6% figure is the Shanta Kumar-headed High Level Committee on Restructuring of Food Corporation of India (FCI). The report, submitted in January 2015, had noted that only 5.21 million of the country’s total estimated 90.20 million agricultural households in 2012-13 …

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Socio Economic Development Notes 2020 (#1): Covid 19 And Urban Poor; Why Bangladesh Is Overtaking India In Economic Growth

GDP Growth Of India And Bangladesh Development economists Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen showed in their 2013 book, An Uncertain Glory: India and its Contradictions, that Bangladesh had been outshining its larger neighbours on indicators such as infant mortality, child immunisation, female literacy, access to improved sanitation, and total fertility rate. When the nation was …

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Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (#13): Reviewing GM Cotton In India; Commission To Tackle Pollution In NCR; Stubble Burning

Reviewing GM Cotton In India Much of the cotton cultivated until the 20th century was of the indigenous ‘desi’ variety, Gossypium arboreum. Hybrid varieties of G. hirsutum entered India in 1990s. However, hybrid varieties were unable to resist local pests. More fertilizers and pesticides were required for cultivation of such varieties. Cotton suffers from plenty …

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Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (#12): Action Plan For Vulture Conservation; Project Lion; Lion Relocation

Action Plan For Vulture Conservation Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu will get a vulture conservation and breeding centre each, according to the Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020-2025. The plan has also suggested that new veterinary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) be tested on vultures before their commercial release. The action plan was …

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Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (#11): Tarballs; Water Crisis In Cities; Biodiversity Loss & Forests

Tarballs According to a study published in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 28 per cent of particles collected from the air samples from a research station in the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau were tarballs. Tarballs are small light-absorbing, carbonaceous particles formed due to burning of biomass or fossil fuels that deposit on snow and ice. The …

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Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (#10): Chinese Pink Dolphins; Hottest September Since 1880

Chinese Pink Dolphins Chinese pink dolphins are making a comeback in the Pearl river estuary, one of the most heavily industrialised areas on Earth. The Pearl River estuary includes Hong Kong, Macau as well as the mainland Chinese cities of Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan. Some 22 million people live in the area. Pink dolphins have …

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Science & Tech Notes 2020 (#1): Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020; Nobel Prize in Physics 2020

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna for their work on CRISPR, a method of genome editing. A genome is the full set of genetic “instructions” that determine how an organism will develop. Using CRISPR, researchers can cut …

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World Risk Index 2020

Ecology & Environment Notes 2020 (10): World Risk Index (WRI) 2020; Greenland Ice Melting Fastest

World Risk Index (WRI) 2020 India was ‘poorly prepared’ to deal with ‘climate reality’, due to which it was more vulnerable to extreme natural disasters, according to the World Risk Index (WRI) 2020. India ranked 89th among 181 countries on the WRI 2020. The country was fourth-most-at- risk in south Asia on the index, after …

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